In this article I will introduce the reader to shader programming using the Cg shader programming language. I will use OpenGL graphics API to communicate with the Cg shaders. This article does not explain how use OpenGL. If you require an introduction to OpenGL, you can follow my previous article titled Introduction to OpenGL.
In this article, I will explain how to use the ARB_vertex_buffer_object extension to efficiently render geometry in OpenGL.
If you are not sure how to use extensions in OpenGL, you can refer to my previous article titled OpenGL Extensions. If you have never programmed an OpenGL application before, you can refer to my previous article titled Introduction to OpenGL.
In this article I will talk about OpenGL extensions. Every extension is defined by an extension specification. I will explain how to read the extension specification so that you will know how to use the extensions. I will also show how you can check for the existence of extensions and how to initialize extensions in your own source code. I will show how you can use GLEW to query and use extensions with very little extra effort.
I assume the reader is familiar with the C++ programming language. If you want to know how to start programming in OpenGL, refer to my previous article titled Introduction to OpenGL.
In this article, I will demonstrate how to apply 2D textures to your 3D models. I will also show how to define lights in your scene that are used to illuminate the objects in your scene.
I assume that the reader has a basic knowledge of C++ and how to create and compile C++ programs. If you have never created an OpenGL program, then I suggest that you read my previous article titled “Introduction to OpenGL” here before continuing with this article.
In this article, I will examine multiple methods for rendering primitives in OpenGL. The first method I will look at is using immediate-mode rendering to render simple primitives in 3D. Another method of rending primitives in OpenGL uses vertex arrays. And finally I will also examine the use of display lists to generate a set of render calls that can be executed at another point in time. The reader is expected to have a basic understanding of programming techniques in C++. If you want to know how you can get started with OpenGL, you can refer to my previous article titled [Introduction to OpenGL].
In this article, I will attempt to explain how to construct the view matrix correctly and how to use the view matrix to transform a model’s vertices into clip-space. I will also try to explain how to compute the camera’s position in world space (also called the Eye position) from the view matrix.
In this article, I will show how to implement projective shadow mapping in OpenGL using Cg shaders.
The basis of this post comes from the article titled [Transformation and Lighting in Cg]. I will assume the reader has a basic understanding of OpenGL and already knows how to setup an application that uses OpenGL. If you require a refresher on setting up an application using OpenGL, you can refer to my previous article titled [Introduction to OpenGL for Game Programmers].
In this article, I will discuss a technique called normal mapping. Normal mapping is a shader technique that encodes pre-computed surface normals in a texture that can be used to add extra detail to a surface without the requirement of adding extra geometry. Before reading this article, you should have a basic understanding of OpenGL and you should know how to setup a Cg shader. For a review on OpenGL, you can refer to my previous article titled [Introduction to OpenGL for Game Programmers] and to learn how to incorporate Cg shaders in your own applications, you can refer to my article titled [Introduction to Cg Runtime with OpenGL].
This tutorial builds upon the previous article titled [Loading and Animating MD5 Models with OpenGL]. It is highly recommended that you read the previous article before following this one. In this tutorial, I will extend the MD5 model rendering to provide support for GPU skinning. I will also provide an example shader that will perform the vertex skinning in the vertex shader and do per-fragment lighting on the model using a single point light. For a complete discussion on lighting in CgFX, you can refer to my previous article titled [Transformation and Lighting in Cg]. Continue reading →