In this article I will introduce the reader to the OpenGL rendering API (application programming interface). I will also introduce GLSL (OpenGL Shading Language). We will create a simple vertex shader and fragment shader that can be used to render very basic 3D primitives. By the end of this article you will know how to create a simple OpenGL application and render 3D objects using shaders.
In this article I will demonstrate how to implement a basic lighting model using the Cg shader language. If you are unfamiliar with using Cg in your own applications, then please refer to my previous article titled Introduction to Shader Programming with Cg 3.1.
This article is an updated version of the previous article titled Transformation and Lighting in Cg. In this article, I will not use any deprecated features of OpenGL. I will only use the core OpenGL 3.1 API.